Party leaders and whips of the United States House of Representatives are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot and are also known as floor leaders. The U.S. House of Representatives does not officially use the term "Minority Leader" although the media frequently do. The House instead uses the terms "Republican Leader" or "Democratic Leader" depending on which party holds a minority of seats.

Assuming there were no vacancies, there were 230 Democrats and 205 Republicans in the 113th Congress.

Also assuming there are no vacancies, the current count stands at 255 Republicans and 180 Democrats in the 114th Congress, according to the estimates given by President Walker of how many seats would be lost in the midterms by the Democrats.

The incumbent House Minority Leader is Democrat Bob Birch representing a Michigan congressional district.

The incumbent House Minority Whip is Democrat Terry Womack from Missouri's 5th congressional district.

The incumbent Assistant Whip is Democrat Jackie Sharp from California's 5th congressional district.

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